Dynamics of Static Friction

  • Friction has long been said to come in two forms ‘ static and dynamic. Two bodies held together by static friction do not move at all until the force shearing them apart passes a critical value.
  • Our experiments show that this view is true only if one does not examine static friction with sufficient care. Our samples of ceramics on steel slide in reproducible ways ‘ if only by nanometers ‘ no matter how small the shearing forces. setup-v9
  • The results can be explained by modifications of theories originally created to study the dynamic sliding of rock over rock. The same equations show that there should always be a little sliding even when forces are much smaller than the limit of static friction, and are in accord with experiments.RateState_07-04-4__2_Graph